December 11, 2010 by Jason Hood
In one chapter of my dissertation I briefly make the claim that in Genesis Judah is transformed from a royal failure to a royal figure who will lead his brothers. (The same is true for Jechoniah; more on him some other time.) The messianic promises for Judah’s line in 49:8-12 are the culmination of this transformation: his descendant will receive kingship; his (11?) brothers will worship him; and the nations will obey him.
This messianic promise in Gen 49 is one of the three most important messianic passages in and around the 1st century. Matthew 1:2, “Judah and his brothers,” is best understood as a hint at this royal role. I suggest that Matthew sees the messianic promise in Gen 49 fulfilled in Matt 28:16-20, where Jesus receives comprehensive kingship, his eleven “brothers” (28:10, 16-17) worship him, and he tells them to teach the nations to obey him.
The Great Commission is the fulfillment of the Great Messianic Mission, the promised destiny of Judah.